Cuba Used Jatropha Seed To Produce Bio-diesel

Cuban researchers announced on July 22, they used jatropha seeds as raw material to produce diesel and had successfully tried in the light vehicle.

Jatropha trees are planted in Guantanamo province that far away from 900 kilometers east of Havana, Cuba. Cuban researchers extracted biodiesel resin from jatropha seeds, and tried in a light vehicle. At present, the car has been traveling 1,500 km without any problems.  Biodiesel that used Jatropha seeds as raw materials produce less pollution than conventional diesel, also help Cuba reduce diesel imports. Compared with the use of corn and sugar cane to produce biofuels, jatropha is not for human consumption crops, will not “fight food” with human.

PPG’s Net Profit Increased By 11% In The Second Quarter

According to the second-quarter results that PPG(Polypropylene glycol) Industries recently announced, its net sale was $ 4 billion, unchanged from the same period last year. Excluding the non-recurring expenses, adjusted net profit was $ 365 million, equivalent to diluted earnings per share of $ 2.36, an increase of 11%.

Financial Statement analysized in the second quarter, Polypropylene glycol (the CAS number is 25322-69-4 ) High Performance Coatings business sales reached to $ 1.2 billion, increased by 1%; the net profit was $ 204 million, essentially flat year-on-year. The industrial coatings business sales was up to $ 1.1 billion, an increase of 2%; and the net profit increased by $ 28 million. Optical products and special materials business sales of $ 314 million, down 4%, earnings year-on-year increase in Commodity chemicals business sales of $ 427 million, down 9 percent, net profit was essentially flat.

The Ethylene Oxide Industry In Southeast Asia Revived

Being stimulated by Southeast Asia’s rapid economic growth, increasingly competitive manufacturing costs and other factors, drivened by the neighboring China market, the recent investment of multinational companies and local investors in the petrochemical industry in the region has gained momentum, especially ethylene oxide and its downstream products such as surfactants and detergents, have become a bright spot in this wave of investment, this phenomenon has attracted extensive attention in the industry.

At present, the development of ethylene oxide and its downstream industry are taken seriously by Southeast Asia, on the one hand because the long-distance transport of ethylene oxide materials is difficult, on the other hand is the local petrochemical producers hope to further extend the industry chain and enhance their strength. With the advantage of resources, and after years of development, Southeast Asia has long been the formation of a coconut-based Japanese production base. But with the economic development, some manufacturers are not satisfied with this, they want to change the traditional single product structure through the establishment of the industrial chain of ethylene oxide.

In Malaysia, the Aopu Tema glycol (Optimal Glycols) company of the Malaysian national oil company (Petronas) operates a set of devices that produce ethylene glycol (the CAS number is 107-21-1 and the formula is C2H6O2)380,000 tons per year, a set of devices that produce ethanolamine 75,000 ton per year and butanol devices in Terengganu Island. The company plans to expand the production of epoxy ethane to further strengthen its capacity surfactant and detergent business.

In Singapore, the Shell Company are implementing a consortium petrochemical project that regards producing 800000 tons/year naphtha ethylene as leading in Singapore, and also plan to increase the epoxy ethane production capacity to 80000 tons per year through its Singapore glycol company before 2014.

It is worth noting that to improve the layout of the cosmetic line in southeast Asia,  the Japanese company is also considering to invest for building a new factory of producing epoxy ethane in southeast Asia.

EU May Reset The Standard Of Insecticides

Recently, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) issued a statement said, in the case of the use of low concentrations of active ingredients, there is no sufficient data supporting that imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and other neonicotinoid insecticides have influences on the survival of bee population, it needs to resetgiven the criteria of toxicity.

EFSA summed up this according to a report published by two research groups in France and the UK in March this year. The research data both show that residues of neonicotinoid insecticides in nectar levels were significantly lower than the concentration of institutional accredited test lethal than the real conditions of the indoor test bees even greater.

                                                         thiamethoxam

The research reports are based on the effects of imidacloprid and thiamethoxam (the chemical formula is C8H10ClN5O3S and CAS No. is 153719-23-4) to bees, the class of these pesticides may indirectly interrupt bee populations foraging activity and have some toxic effects on the population. The finding prompts a number of EU member states to urge to reassess the new neonicotinoid insecticide. At the same time, the EU has asked EFSA to strengthen the impact of neonicotinoid insecticides on the survival of bee populations, to determine whether by the way of seed treatment. In addition to these two studies, EFSA has examined a German study reported, the report reflects the imidacloprid (the CAS number is 138261-41-3) and clothianidin amine affect the survival of bee populations.

       imidacloprid

EFSA said that in the determination of the the nectar residual amount, three indicators of neonicotinoids exceeded the prescribed maximum residue levels. The test proved that the simulation test method may have a greater impact than bees foraging in reality. Therefore, in developing the standard, we must take into account the different exposure levels to ensure that test results and the realities of close.

EFSA required the Professional Committee make a deeper review for clothianidin, thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, pyridine acetamipridm, thiophene and other products, the investigation report is expected to release in December.

Europe Rejected The Restrictions Of Four Phthalates

Denmark recommended that according to “the Regulations About Chemicals Registration, Evaluation and License”, the use of four types of phthalates in consumer products should be limited. But this proposal has been rejected by scientific experts of the European Chemicals Bureau.

The European Chemicals Agency Risk Assessment Committee think that there is no sufficient justification for limiting four categories of the use of phthalates in consumer products which Denmark proposed. The four types of phthalates are diethyl phthalate (Molecular Formula: C16H22O4 and CAS number is 84-69-5 ) butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and dibutyl phthalate isobutyl (DIBP).

Last year, the Danish authorities submitted to this motion of restricting, aimed to reduce the chances of human exposure to phthalates through consumer products. It is alleged that the four types of the chemicals would affect the reproductive capacity, and consumer goods that contain such substances including footwear, textiles, electrical and electronic equipment, wire and cable insulation materials.

Denmark recommended that if a product contained one or multiple type of phthalates, the concentration was more than 0.1% in the weight of the plasticized material, and had direct contact with the skin or mucous membranes, then the product should be prohibited  on the market.

Research Advances Disease Diagnostic Technology for Hevea

Nikkei BP news agency recently reported, the Bridgestone Corporation of Japan has established disease diagnostic techniques of Hevea which is the main source of natural rubber. Simple tools can be used for early diagnosis, which is beneficial for the resource protection and a steady supply of natural rubber(the CAS number is 7664-93-9).

In Southeast Asia which accounts for 90 percent of the world’s Hevea cultivation area, the bacteria infect the roots, the white root disease that leading to the trees dead  is very serious. Since 2010, Bridgestone, research institutions in Indonesia and Tokyo University of Agriculture and others carried out differrnt diagnostic technology developments.

The established technology can be concluded as the following:
(1) use DNA to test pathogens; (2) analysize the latex composition; (3) measure the
blade surface temperature and color; (4) wide-area network diagnostics through satellite image analysis. Optimization of technology will be carried out in the year of 2013 and put into practical use on the farm since 2014.

Germany Developed The World’s First “Chemical Chips”

Recently, the Dresden University of Technology in German has successfully developed a “chemical chips, which is the world’s first chemical chip.

The size of this product is close to a A5 paper, the thickness is equivalent to a finger. It consists of multilayer composites of which dense grid distribution of tiny tubes. 2000 micro-valves in them can be made reactions automatically based on chemical composition, concentration and other properties of the liquid, and allows the liquid to pass or block its adoption. Through such control, the chemical liquid can be pre-set analysis of the reaction.

The chip has achieved some rapid automatic analysis of the urine and blood samples, and also can be served as a tool for rapid testing of blood glucose levels.

Information on Cell Mass

Cell Mass is a creatine-based sports supplement created by BSN that used to help speed muscle recovery after exercise and is clinically designed to boost muscle recovery, power, and endurance. It acts as a post-workout and nighttime recovery agent. According to BodyBuilding.com, Cellmass has won the Creatnine Product of the Year Award for 2005-2009.

How Does It Work?
According to the Cell Mass product website, the supplement promotes strength, endurance,
recovery, and muscle development, helps aid in total lifting capacity and increases endurance time, promotes recycling and energy of ATP, aids creatine absorption, helps in protein synthesis, protects against protein damage from intense training, maintain blood glucose levels, and promotes electrolyte balance in the body.

Benefits
The proponents of Cellmass state its primary function is that of a recovery agent to
assist in protein synthesis, while promoting the proper balancing of electrolytes. According to BSNonline.net, Cellmass replenishes the natural creatnine in a person’s body that is lost during a workout. These statements, however, have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Identification
Cell Mass contains “AVPT,” BSN’s proprietary blend of ingredients designed to help aid
creatine transport, which leads faster muscle recovery. COP is N-methyl-N-(beta-hydroxyethyl) guanidine O-phosphate. COP pre-treatment has been studied on the recovery of contractility of rat isolated heart after hypoxia or ischemia (i.e. lack of oxygen). Thus, it is suggested that Creatinol-O-Phosphate exerts its cardioprotective effect by an action on anaerobic glycolysis.

Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that absorption of COP administered intramuscularly! is complete. COP is distributed in all organs, and in particular, in the kidney, liver and myocardium or heart tissue. After being dephosphorylated, this COP is eliminated with urine. Dephosphorylation of Creatinol-O-Phosphate (the CAS numner is 6903-79-3 and the formula is C4H12N3O4P)occurs in the kidney and liver. COP crosses themembrane of the myocardial cell, concentrating in the cytosoluble fraction.

Uses
On non-training days, consume 1 scoop when you wake up and one scoop in the afternoon of
evening. On both training days and non-training days, take two servings of Cell Mass. Mix 1 scoop of Cell Mass with 4-6 ounces of cold water before and after a workout on training days.

Considerations
Although many manufacturers of dietary supplements claim their products are beneficial,
it is hard to make a determination without expert opinion. Since claims made on various websites that promote Cellmass have not been evaluated by the FDA, individuals should discuss its use with a doctor before deciding to add it to their diet.

The United States Are Suffering The Most Serious Drought

The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released a report, said that the United States is experiencing the most severious drought since 1956, and the drought scale of the central and western regions has extended to 55 percent of the whole U.S. mainland.

The NOAA said, according to the Palmer Drought Severity Index, the range of the drought in this year is the most maximum since December 1956, the year that 58% redions appeared moderate to extreme drought.

This summer, 80 percent regions in Amercica are exceptionally dry, and this report noted that the drought extended to the western area, the North American Great Plains and the midwest area last month. The temperature and dryness of these areas respectively reached 14th and 10th of the records in June over the years.

The drought that caused by hot weather brought about ignificant adverse impacts on the food production of the United States. The report pointed out that the speed of deterioration of the topsoil dried up, crops (2,4-D Amine Salt is a type of herbicides used for broadleaf weeds & brush on small grains, corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, minor crops), pasture and the situation is unusual in the past 18 years.

The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) of NOAA pointed out on the “climate state” drought report, by the end of June, 55 percent of the American mainland are suffering from the moderate to extreme drought.

The United States Released Production Forecast Of Shale Oils

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released the annual energy forecast and said, the daily production of shale oil will reach 72 million barrels in 2012, equivalent to 12.5 percent of its domestic oil production. By the year of 2029, its daily production will reach 133 million barrels. And in 2035, its production of this chemical will be doubled on the existing basis. This is the first time for the U.S. to make prediction about the production of shale oil officially.

Due to the improvement of mining technology, crude shale oils(CAS number is 68308-34-9) production of the United States is becoming increasingly active. The oil’s daily production of the eight shale oil mines which owned by North Dakota Bakken in 2035 will reach 123 million barrels, which more than 2 times daily production in 2011, EIA said. The U.S. domestic oil production is is expected to reach 670 million barrels in 2020, this will be the highest level since 1994, and the proportion of shale oil is estimated to be 18%.